Hanoi National University and Hanoi University of Technology have been listed in the top 1,000 universities in the world, according to THE prestigious rankings.
On September 11, 2019, the Times Higher Education Times (THE) announced the latest World University Rankings (World University Rankings 2020) during the academic summit of THE. held in Zurich (Switzerland).
Accordingly, for the first time, Hanoi National University (VNU) and two Vietnamese higher education institutions have been ranked by THE THE together with nearly 1,400 leading universities in the world.
In which, VNU and Hanoi University of Technology belong to the world group of 801-1000; followed by Ho Chi Minh National University in the 1000+ group.
Table 1. Vietnam’s ranking of universities in THE World Rankings. (Source: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2020/world-ranking)
Thus, together with Hanoi University of Technology, VNU reached 22.2 – 28.2 points of THE.
In which, VNU has the indexes of teaching, scientific research, and international integration, which are at the top of Vietnam’s group of higher education institutions in the Ranking Table.
Ho Chi Minh City National University ranks first in terms of business income.
And Hanoi University of Technology has the highest scientific citation index.
This year, THE ranked for 1,395 institutions of higher education out of a total of 1,820 higher education institutions participating.
This is the largest number ever in the scale of world university ranking of THE.
These institutions belong to 92 countries and regions.
Thoughts after the “early finish”
Talking to VietNamNet in the morning of September 12, Mr. Hoang Minh Son, Rector of Hanoi University of Science and Technology expressed his joy that more and more Vietnamese universities have entered the international rankings. Thus, the goal of having 4 higher education institutions in the top 1000 in the world under the Proposal for Improving Higher Education Quality in the 2019-2025 period (approved by the Prime Minister) has been achieved early 6 years. However, he noted that “should not be excited” because the ranking is still low, and this is only one of the “measurement” indicators of the operation of higher education institutions.
Mr. Son analyzed: “Most of the rankings attach great importance to the research achievement evaluation indexes with little realistic assessment of training quality and social impact. In the ranking of THE, the indicators of productivity, prestige and research influence accounted for 60%, even the criteria of teaching quality were based on the size of doctoral training (8.25%). ) and the votes of high-achieving scholars (15%) also partly reflect the research capacity. If the index of knowledge transfer and international publishing cooperation is included, it can be said that the criteria directly or indirectly related to the study accounted for over 90%. Meanwhile, the indicators most closely reflect the quality of training such as the level of effort of the learner, the level of satisfaction of the learner, the employment rate of the graduate, the level of income increase when possible. I have not seen any reputable rankings mentioned. It is also an issue that we need to consider when developing development strategies, we need to pay attention to all three core tasks of a university’s mission of training, researching and serving the community. ” .
Accordingly, in the coming time, domestic universities need to cooperate more closely, comprehensively and effectively, instead of focusing on international cooperation so far.
The 5 world ranking criteria groups for THE
1) Teaching (learning environment) with a grade of 30% and 5 ranking criteria, including: survey results of teaching reputation (15%), teacher / student ratio (4.5%), the proportion of graduate students / undergraduate students (2.25%), the proportion of lecturers who are PhDs (6%), and the unit income (2.25%) . The university’s income is calculated by the purchasing power parity index, reflecting the level of investment in infrastructure and equipment for teaching and learning activities at the university.
2) Research (quantity; income; reputation) with a weight of 30%, including: survey results on reputation of scientific research (18%), research income (6%), and research productivity (6%);
3) Citations (average number of international citations of a university project) with a weight of 30%. The data was calculated through 23,400 scientific journals of the Scopus database between 2014 and 2018. The number of citations was calculated for these publications from 2014 to 2019. There were 12.8 million works. father and 77.4 million citations were calculated.
4) Internationalization (staff, students, research) with a weight of 7.5%, including: the proportion of international lecturers (2.5%), the proportion of international students (2.5 %), and international cooperation index (2.5%, through scientific publications with at least 1 co-author who is an international scholar);
5) Income from business (knowledge transfer) with a weight of 2.5% calculated through the total income from technology transfer and knowledge to the business.
See details of weight distribution of ranking indicators in the image below:
THE ranking like?
For ranking data, THE base on SCOPUS scientific database (of Elsevier Publishing House) for criteria of research productivity, scientific citations and international cooperation. The surveys of teaching prestige and scientific research are actively sent by THE authors to published in SCOPUS database. The income criteria are normalized based on the purchasing power parity index (PPP). The remaining criteria are evaluated by THE based on data provided by the university. THE’s scoring and data processing are fully and independently supervised by an independent and professional auditing organization, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).
According to THE World Ranking 2020 of THE, Oxford University continues to hold the No. 1 position in the world, followed by the California Institute of Technology, Cambridge University, Stanford University, Stanford University of Technology, etc. Most significant. is the breakthrough of the California Institute of Technology, which has grown from 5th to 2nd place in the world.
In Asia, the top schools include Tsinghua University (23rd in the world), Peking University (24) and National University of Singapore (25).
In Southeast Asia, Thailand has 16 schools in the top 1000, Malaysia has 13 schools, Indonesia has 6 schools, Singapore has 2 schools.
The universities in the region with similar rankings to VNU and Hanoi University of Technology (801-1000) include: Chulalongkorn University (ranked 3rd in Thailand), Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) and Universiti Utara Malaysia ( ranked 9th in Malaysia).